How do you prevent war crimes
The use of poison gas is a war crime
April 22, 1915 stood up Germans and French near the Belgian city of Ypres as opponents in the First World War across from. On that day, the Germans used a new weapon: poison gas. As the wind Cheapwas standing, they left over 100 metric tonsliquid Chlorine in the air climb. Thousands of French soldiers suffocated or were seriously injured.
The gas was discovered as strategic Gun from the German Chemist Fritz Haber. He appliesas the first scientist to complete his knowledge in the service the army posed. In the following war years experimented but also the other war nations With various poison gases and used them in combat. In total, over 90,000 soldiers died and over a million were injured during the First World War.
The use of poison gas was a war crime as early as 1915: the Hague Land Warfare Regulations 1907 forbade the use of poisonous gases or arrows in warfare to poison water and soil. After the First World War, there was a first in 1925 agreement individual nations. They agreed not to use poison gas in war in the future. In 2010 there were already 188 nations officially against the use of chemical weapons pronouncedhad.
However, that does not mean that there was no more research in this area after 1925. Mostly was undertheCover, new Insect repellants to develop, further researched. This would have terrible consequencesFor the people in later wars. Since poison gas is still not targeted even today fired can be hit everyone in the combat area - including women and children.
War crimes, (n.) - Inhuman acts in war
Weapon of mass destruction, -n (f.) - the weapons that destroy a lot or kill a lot of people
opposite each other|stand - here: fight against each other
Cheap - here: good; suitable
stand - here: blowing in one direction
Metric tons (f.) - 1,000 kilograms
liquid - so that something is not solid, but just like water
climb - go upstairs
suffocate - die because you can no longer breathe
strategic weapon, -n - the weapons that the enemy knows and that are intended to deter him
to be considered something / someone - be seen as something / someone
to put oneself / something in the service of something / someone - do something just so that something / someone will succeed; work for someone
experimented with something - here: do some experiments in the laboratory
Hague Land Warfare Regulations (f., singular only) - a common → agreement of different countries about behavior in future wars
Agreement, - (n.) - the contract; the mutual agreement
against something|speak - refuse something
somethingunder theMake a cover of something - pretend that you are doing something about something that is actually not true
Insect repellent, (n.) - the measures taken to kill or drive away insects
Having consequences for someone - have an impact on someone
to fire something - here: shoot something with great force
Questions about the text
1. What is Not correct?
a) Poison gas was used more frequently during the First World War.
b) The German army tried in April 1915 to win a fight with the help of poison gas.
c) A total of 90,000 people died in the First World War.
2. What is right? As early as 1907, an agreement stipulated that future warring parties should use….
a) no poison
b) no weapons of mass destruction
c) no strategic weapons
3. What is right?
a) Scientists who used to develop poison gas are now making insect repellants.
b) Women and children are protected in the event of poison gas attacks, because poison gas can be particularly targeted.
c) Although many people died in the First World War as a result of the poison gas attacks, poison gas was used again and again afterwards.
4. Which wording can be used to replace the underlined part of the sentence? "In the year 2010 there were already a total of 188 nations that had officially spoken out against the use of chemical weapons by then. "
a) in the years before 2010 and in 2010
b) before 2010
c) after 2010
5. Even in the years ... First World War, poison gas was used.
Find out on the Internet in which crises poison gas was used and what attempts were made to prevent the use of poison gas in future conflicts.
Authors: Sarah Judith Hofmann / Stephanie Schmaus
Editor: Shirin Kasraeian
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