Why is wagering on sports illegal?
Sports betting in Germany: a legal gray area
News from bussgeldkatalog.org, published on: May 24, 2019
Sports betting is currently in a gray area in Germany.
Illegal Gambling: Possible Sanctions
The penalties for illegal gambling range from Fines to heavy fines and even imprisonment. You can find out which violations can lead to which consequences in the table below.
|Allows minors to participate in a game of chance||Fine of up to 50,000 euros|
|Sports betting brokered without a license||The amount of the fine is determined individually by the federal states|
|Unauthorized staging of a game of chance||Imprisonment for up to two years or a fine|
|Participation in unauthorized gambling||Imprisonment of up to six months or a fine|
The problem with the license for sports betting providers
In the meantime, the 3rd amendment to the State Treaty on Gaming has been adopted in Germany.
With regard to sports betting, the original version saw an unrestricted state monopoly on gambling Sports betting company Oddset in front. On September 8, 2010, however, the European Court of Justice ruled that this monopoly position violates European law. This paved the way for private betting providers on the German market.
In December 2011, all federal states, with the exception of Schleswig-Holstein, signed an Interstate Gambling Treaty, which came into force on July 1, 2002. This provided that Private providers are now also admitted to the sports betting market should be.
For this purpose a Award procedure introduced by which 20 licenses for betting providers were intended. 2015 became this Procedure stopped again. Thus, European law currently still applies, so Betting operator with a European license are allowed to offer sports betting online in Germany without having to fear criminal consequences or the like.
Third Gambling Amendment Agreement adopted in March 2019
On March 21, 2019, a third gambling amendment agreement decided. The specific content is not yet known, but it has already been leaked that, from January 2020, permits will be issued to all sports betting providers who adhere to the rules of the protection of players and minors.
It remains to be seen to what extent a regulation will be created in Germany that does not violate European requirements and brings a little more legal certainty to the area of sports betting.
Young people need to be protected from access to gambling
However, sports betting providers who are able to act in Germany based on the requirements of the European Court of Justice are also bound by German laws. In terms of gambling mainly plays Section 6 (2) Youth Protection Act (JuSchG) an important role:
Children and young people may only participate in games with the possibility of making a profit in public at folk festivals, rifle festivals, fairs, special markets or similar events and only on the condition that the profit consists of goods of low value.
Minors so it is prohibited, Sports betting of any kind complete. The respective betting provider must therefore ensure that online offers are only used by people who have already reached the age of 18.
This is how you can identify dubious providers of sports betting
Dubious sports betting providers: You should be suspicious of extremely high odds.
Dubious betting providers feature does not have the German betting license. These are owned by reputable providers, such as the brands betway, bwin, tipico or bet-at-home. But how exactly should users know when it is a dubious provider for sports betting?
First of all, you should use the Take a close look at the website. Licensed providers have some features that cannot be found in dubious offers. It can refer to one, for example Note on addiction prevention act.
In addition, the reputable bookmakers have one Customer servicewho can often be reached not only by e-mail or chat, but also by phone. According to the Youth Protection Act, providers must also prevent minors from entering into sports betting.
Therefore, as a rule, is one Verification of identity necessary. When registering, you must therefore send a copy of your identity card as well as a bank statement or a corresponding invoice, from which your address can be seen, to the respective betting provider by e-mail (the other information, such as the account balance, can of course be blacked out).
Is no identification whatsoever you should be puzzled. Other characteristics of a dubious provider can utopian high odds or one Limited to just one or two ways to deposit be.
Summary: Recognize reputable and dubious sports betting providers
|Reputable sports betting providers||Dubious sports betting providers|
|Have a German betting license||Do not have a German betting license|
|Check identity and age with ID card, bank statement or invoice||Do not check identity and age|
|Provide advice on addiction prevention||Promise high odds|
|Have customer service (email, chat and phone)||Offer very few deposit options|
|Prevent minors from completing sports bets||Often winnings do not pay off|
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