Keeping in touch is more important than privacy

How to protect your privacy on the Internet

According to a recent study by the University of Hohenheim, three quarters of German Internet users are concerned or even very concerned that they have no insight into what is happening to their data on the Internet. 62 percent of those surveyed also fear that their personal information might get into unknown hands. Numbers that should not be taken lightly. This is precisely why intelligent measures and solutions are in demand today more than ever that guarantee all-round protection of their privacy, even for technical laypeople.

"Bought something online somewhere and you will be followed." A simple and striking statement that Chancellor Angela Merkel made during a panel discussion at cnight last November. And at the same time, a statement that created confusion for both consumers and the web business world. While some suspected scare tactics, others assumed a lack of expertise. Sure, fear is a bad advisor. In addition, the protection of personal data in Germany also has a comparatively high priority on the Internet. And yet the days of carefree surfing sessions are numbered. Because the increasing personalization of web offers has, in addition to all the comforts, a clear downside: Simply deleting cookies from the browser cache is no longer enough to make your own buying and surfing habits unrecognized and to allow anonymity in the web world guarantee.

  1. 1. Secure password
    Combine your password with special characters and numbers to reinforce it. You can also use password tools such as passwordsgenerator.net. With a password manager like “LastPass”, which makes web browsing easier and safer, you won't forget any of your passwords.
  2. 2. Deactivate "Stay signed in"
    Do you often share your PC with someone else or do you use Facebook every now and then in an internet café? Then make sure that the “Stay signed in” box is not activated. If it is activated, strangers have the opportunity to let off steam in your Facebook profile.
  3. 3. HTTP + "s"
    Make sure that there is an additional “s” in http when logging in to Facebook or other websites. If https is displayed in green (Chrome browser) you are safe. You would be unsure if it was red. According to Wikipedia, "Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure" (HTTPS) is a communication protocol for secure communication over the network. Facebook now uses https automatically for greater security.
  4. 4. Add friends
    Do not acknowledge someone you do not personally know as a friend. The same applies if you are not sure whether it is a fake profile. It is the same with friend requests on your part. Facebook is designed to communicate and stay in touch with friends and acquaintances from real life. If you add false friends, they will gain access to your personal data.
  5. 5. Private is private
    Not every life event needs to be shared on Facebook. Facebook is an open community that should not be understood as a personal diary. You should therefore switch off the automatic location determination for every post. If your location is important to your friends or acquaintances, it is better to share it in private chat.
  6. 6. Facebook is not a job portal
    Some users link or share your résumé publicly. Some of the others even have application documents - in the hope that a company will submit a job offer. This is by no means the way to go. You are welcome to provide your qualifications and the details of your current position, but nothing more. If a company is interested, you will be contacted. This is the only way to protect your private information.
  7. 7. Secure your e-mail account
    If someone has access to your email, they will also have easy access to your Facebook account. Because via “Forgot your password?” You can have a new password sent to you. He can then change this and deprive you of your own access. So it's just as important not to reveal your email account to anyone.
  8. 8. Update password
    The safest way to protect yourself from password hackers is to change your password regularly. Change your password once a month and follow the first tip to create a strong password.
  9. 9. Unsubscribe if possible
    It is important to log out of Facebook on shared computers - that is clear. But it is also important from time to time on your own PC. Because there are moments when someone wants to use your laptop or tablet for a moment. Whoever is now on your PC could also search and control your account. You should therefore also log off on your own computer.
  10. 10. Refresh your browser
    Outdated browsers usually contain security flaws that make it easy for hackers to sniff your account. Therefore, always keep your browser up to date.
  11. 11. Private mode
    Browsing in private or incognito mode does not save browser, web form and search history, download history, cookies or temporary internet files. However, files you download and bookmarks are saved. You (or other users) cannot find out which websites have been visited. This mode is particularly useful when you use public devices to log in.
  12. 12. "Public" status
    Everyone is on Facebook: friends, business partners, family members, ex-boyfriends and the general public. Therefore, think carefully about who should see your status. Because not all information has to be shared with everyone.
  13. 13. Telephone number not visible to everyone
    You don't have to share your phone number with every Facebook friend. Only make them visible to those people who really need them. To do this, select specific people or create a list.
  14. 14. Antivirus software
    It is easy for hackers if you don't have virus protection installed on your PC. Spyware or Trojans can easily get onto your PC without protection and also have access to your password during your Facebook login process. Therefore, install an antivirus solution on your computer to protect all of your data.
  15. 15. Verification: Who can see what?
    Under the "Privacy links", click on "Who can see my content" and then on "View from the point of view of". Now you can see which content of your profile can be seen publicly. Now enter an FB friend after clicking on "Show from the point of view of a specific person", then you can check what your profile looks like from their point of view.
  16. 16. Data only visible to friends
    Facebook offers you several options for regulating your privacy. These settings determine who can see and comment on your data and posts. To do this, click on the "Privacy link" button in the top bar. Then go to “Who can see my content?” And determine whether your data should be public, only for friends, for friends without acquaintances, only for you or only for special people.
  17. 17. Good and less good friends
    In real life you don't tell everyone everything and differentiate between work colleagues, best friends and acquaintances. You can do the same on Facebook. Go to a friend's or work colleague's profile and click on the "Friends" button. For example, select the “Acquaintances” list for your work colleague. They can then no longer access your mobile phone number or the photos from the last party, for example. You also have the option of creating your own lists (sports club, school friends, etc.).
  18. 18. Find out more about online security
    At www.connectsafely.org you can find safety tips, articles, news and analyzes as well as videos on the social web. The international organization www.fosi.org is committed to a safe online world for children and families. You can learn more about cyber security and digital security at www.staysafeonline.org.
  19. 19. Privacy Shortcuts
    In the top header you will find a button on the right that hides the privacy settings on Facebook. There you can save your Facebook profile quickly and easily, hide access to your content and avoid unwanted contact requests.
  20. 20. Suspicious Downloads
    Be careful what you click on Facebook. Check the link! Remember: they could also come from fake friends or compromised profiles and harbor malware that spies on your data and passwords.
  21. 21. One-time password (OTP)
    With a one-time password, you can always log into Facebook if you don't want to enter your real password. For example when you are in public places. In Germany only one provider offers this function. To receive an OTP, send an SMS with "otp" to 2665. You will then receive a password that is valid for 20 minutes. If you are outside of Germany, check this list:
  22. 22. Remove tags
    It is important that you keep your profile clean. Sometimes you get tagged in something when you don't want to. To do this, go to “Activity log> Posts in which you have been marked” and click the “Edit” symbol next to the post. Select "Report / Remove Flag" and remove the flag.
  23. 23. Check the tags before appearing in the timeline
    You can also set in the activity log what should appear in your history - and what shouldn't. Click the gear icon in the upper right corner and select “Enabled”. You will now be asked to manually confirm a selection before the article is published in your timeline.
  24. 24. Be authentic
    The real you is better than what you might want to portray. You don't have to be authentic at all costs, but think carefully about what you want to reveal about yourself.
  25. 25. Private family group
    Create a Facebook group for your family where you can share photos and keep in touch. So you don't have to worry about posts being seen by the wrong people.
  26. 26. Keep your password secret
    The most important point on the list is that you don't share your password with anyone. Beware of fake requests from games or free software. They just want your password. Report it on Facebook.
  27. 27. Second account
    Create a second Facbeook account if you regularly play games to pass the time on Facebook. Because there is no need to divulge your true information or post anything.
  28. 28. Children and Facebook
    According to the Facebook Terms of Use, children under the age of 13 are not allowed to use Facebook. Nevertheless, Facebook only checks the age of its members very superficially. Protect your children from bullying and only allow them to register when they are 13 years old.
  29. 29. Risk of addiction
    The social network is addicting, believe it or not. So try to stay away from it as much as possible. Live your life because you can experience many things without Facebook. Think of the days when Facebook didn't exist. Meet up with friends or start a leisure group where you live.
  30. 30. Stop spamming
    Don't spam Facebook or beg for likes. If you post good and interesting posts, you are more likely to be automatically discovered.
  31. 31. Declaration of rights and obligations
    Take a minute and re-read the terms you agreed to. The terms of use of Facebook can be found here: https://www.facebook.com/legal/terms
  32. 32. Account hacked - now what?
    If your Facebook account has been taken over by someone else, you can back it up here:
  33. 33. Block
    You can block people harassing you on Facebook. These people no longer have the opportunity to start a conversation or to read your posts.
  34. 34. How To: Block
    Procedure using the example of the Facebook app for iOS:

  35. 1. Click on the Privacy Shortcuts icon

  36. 2. Click on “How can I prevent someone from harassing me?” < br>
  37. 3. Enter the name or email address of the person you want to block in the field and confirm with the "Block" button.
  38. 4. After entering the name, select the person you want to block from the list that appears.
  39. One more note: the user you are blocking will not be notified.
    35. Not all deletion is the same
  40. Even if you delete some photos, videos, or other uploads, Facebook still backs up a copy of the data on their servers. Facebook states that they “need certain data to provide the best possible Facebook experience”. All of your content will only be completely deleted when you permanently terminate your account. So think carefully about what you post on Facebook.
    36. Beware of games and apps
  41. Apps and games collect your data during authorization. Therefore, check the popularity and trustworthiness of the app beforehand. In addition, read carefully the conditions, i.e. which data the app or the game accesses.
    37. Clean your desktop and cookies
  42. Use the Chrome browser, press Ctrl + Shift + Del to delete cookies and other internet data. With the free CCleaner software you not only keep your browser but your entire PC clean.
    38. Don't share your location
  43. On Facebook you can send your current location with every post or message. This makes it even easier for hackers to sniff out local data on your PC. You should therefore deactivate automatic location determination. If you click on the green lock symbol in the browser bar in the Chrome browser, you can permanently block the location determination on the respective website under "Permissions> Location".
    39. Switch off location sharing in Android
  44. Location sharing is activated by default in the Facebook and Messenger app for Android. You can deactivate this under “Settings> Messenger Location Services”.
    40. From the perspective of ...
  45. If you don't want your work colleagues or your boss to see last night's party pictures, hide them. To make sure which friend or acquaintance sees which photos, you have the option of checking this under the menu item "View from the point of view of ...". Type in a specific name and check your profile from the perspective of another user.
    41. Facebook is free!
  46. Fraudsters say that Facebook is introducing paid accounts in the near future or they are threatening to delete photos or the account. The fraudster will then redirect you to a page where you should submit your credit card information. But believe us, Facebook is still free at the moment!
    42. A friend's cry for help
  47. It can happen that your friend's account has been hacked and they ask for money or other help. You probably think your friend is in need and you want to help him. Be careful here and be careful not to fall into the trap. Mostly fraudsters and hackers are behind it. Tip: If you should ask someone an extraordinary favor, clarify it personally rather than via Facebook!
    43. Don't sell your account
  48. It is against the Facebook terms of use to sell your personal account. You are taking a huge risk in doing so. If you are not using your account, it is best to delete all of your information and delete (do not deactivate) your account.
  49. To do this, go to Help area> Edit account> Deactivate or delete your account in the example of the iPad app. There you click on the question "How do I delete my account permanently?" And on the linked text passage "Let us know". You can then delete your account.
    44. Deactivate vs. delete

If you deactivate your account, Facebook will continue to keep your data on their servers. So when you log in again after a few months, all photos and entries are there. To be on the safe side and to completely disappear from Facebook, you should delete your account.

45. Never post

  1. Nothing on Facebook is more important than the safety of the people who use the social network. On this page you will learn about the security tools and other resources.
  2. Popular data collections - also for third parties
  3. Both consumers and the Chancellor reflect with their concerns, which a look behind the scenes of the great tracking and personalization professionals confirms. For example, when setting up a new Google account, the terms of use say: "If you use Google services such as Google Search or Google Maps, we collect various types of content and usage data. This includes your personal data, cookies, location data , Device IDs and the IP address. " Google further explains: "This data is also recorded when you visit websites of other providers and use apps on or in which our services are used, such as Google Ads, Analytics or YouTube." Due to the widespread use of Google Analytics alone - over 90 percent of all websites are directly or indirectly linked to this tracking tool - almost complete personal monitoring is possible. Against the background that Google's data protection declaration brings unnamed partners and, in addition to the use of cookies, also vaguely "similar technologies" for tracking into play, the overall picture is dubious: the consumer no longer has any insight into where and by what means his personal traces be recorded on the Internet - and certainly not by whom. What is certain is that his personal profile is recorded with an enormous range and without any technological transparency.
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