What does RBC mean in urine
HCT, RBC and GOT: What abbreviations in blood counts mean
After a blood test and the subsequent consultation with a doctor, many patients want to read the laboratory report again at home in peace. But the document is teeming with technical terms and abbreviations. We give an overview of the most important values.
- Blood lipids: LDL, HDL
- Kidney values
- Liver values: GOT, GPT, Gamma G-T
- Erythrocytes: RBC, ERY
- Leukocytes: LEUK, WBC
- Platelets: PLT, TRHO
- Hemoglobin: HGB, HG
- Hematocrit: HCT, HKT, HK
LDL, GPT and RBC - These are common abbreviations from a laboratory report after a blood test. Almost everyone will have to deal with it at some point, be it as part of a health check-up or before an operation. If it turns out that one or the other value is not quite within the normal range, there is no reason to panic. Blood values are subject to fluctuations.
That is why it is important not to brood over the results alone - but to look together with the doctor to see what which value means for the individual. Still, it doesn't hurt to know what which abbreviation stands for. An overview.
Blood lipids: LDL, HDL
Blood fats, also called lipids, include cholesterol. There is LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and HDL cholesterol (high density lipoprotein). LDL ensures that the cholesterol produced in the liver is supplied to the body, while HDL transports excess cholesterol back to the liver.
"The lower the LDL cholesterol level, the better," explains Matthias Orth, board member of the Professional Association of German Laboratory Doctors. An LDL value of less than 160 milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dl) is optimal. If the LDL value repeatedly exceeds this, then this is a risk factor for hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis).
Glucose, also known colloquially as blood sugar, is usually measured on an empty stomach. This means that you should not have eaten any food for eight to ten hours. Those who are healthy have a fasting blood sugar of less than 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl) or less than 5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol / l). As a rule, the value does not rise above 140 mg / dl (7.8 mmol / l) after a meal.
"Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed when the fasting value has repeatedly exceeded 126 mg / dl," explains Orth. Fasting sugar between 100 and 125 mg / dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / l) indicates impaired glucose tolerance. But that only means an increased risk of developing diabetes in the future. "It's not yet a disease." A multiple low glucose level can indicate hypoglycaemia. Then quick medical action is required, because that can be life-threatening.
A fasting value between 100 and 125 mg / dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / l) can indicate what is known as prediabetes - a preliminary stage of type 2 diabetes.
Usually, urea and creatinine are examined. Creatinine is a metabolic product that is created when the acid creatine is broken down. Creatine supplies our muscles with energy. It is made in the kidney, liver and pancreas. The creatinine value in turn provides information about kidney function. The normal value of creatinine is 0.66 to 1.09 mg / dl (women) and 0.84 to 1.44 mg / dl (men).
For urea, the normal value for women is between 17 and 43 mg / dl, for men between 18 and 55 mg / dl. If the values are too high, then there is usually a functional disorder of the kidneys. However, low kidney values are not necessarily a sign of illness.
Liver values: GOT, GPT, Gamma G-T
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to increased liver values. This can damage the liver and vital functions such as metabolism are disturbed. The four enzymes GOT, GPT, Gamma-GT and alkaline phosphatase (AP) are checked.
- GOT stands for glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase,
- GPT is the abbreviation for Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase and
- Gamma-GT stands for gamma-glutamyl transferase.
For women, the values are less than 35 units per liter (U / l); for men, the values can be slightly higher.
Erythrocytes: RBC, ERY
These are the red blood cells - in laboratory reports they are often abbreviated as RBC or ERY. The erythrocytes are responsible for transporting oxygen through the body. In men, 4.3 to 5.6 million "Erys" per microliter are normal, in women it is 4.0 to 5.4 million "Erys". "If the values are higher, then this can indicate a reduced oxygen content in the blood as a result of heart or lung diseases," explains the advisor-author Matthias Bastigkeit. Heavy tobacco consumption can be the cause of increased values. Too few erythrocytes may be an indication of iron deficiency. But it can also be an indication of a tumor disease.
Leukocytes: LEUK, WBC
They belong to the group of white blood cells - LEUK or WBC for short. The normal values for men and women are between 4,000 and 10,000 blood cells per microliter. Leukocytes have the task of fighting off pathogens. There are three groups: granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes. Values that are too high indicate an acute infection with bacteria, fungi or parasites. If the value is too low, this can be an indication of liver disease or an enlarged spleen, among other things.
Platelets: PLT, TRHO
PLT or TRHO are the abbreviations for platelets. These are small, disc-shaped platelets in the blood. They are important in blood clotting. Between 150,000 and 400,000 platelets per microliter are normal for both women and men. An increased value can be an indication of a serious infection. The platelet values provide important information about diseases. Low values may be caused by severe iron deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency, but anemia or leukemia are also possible.
Hemoglobin: HGB, HG
Hemoglobin is a red blood pigment. Its abbreviations: HGB or HG. Its job: to bind oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. Normally, the hemoglobin content in the blood of men is between 14 and 18 grams per deciliter, and in women between 12 and 16 grams per deciliter. If the values are lower, this could be an indication of iron deficiency anemia. Higher values can increase the risk of stroke.
Hematocrit: HCT, HKT, HK
Hematocrit (abbreviation: HCT, HKT or HK) indicates the ratio of solid and liquid components in the blood. A hematocrit value of 40 to 52 percent for men and 37 to 45 percent for women is normal. A high value indicates that the blood is thick. Then there is a risk of blood clots forming. If the values are higher, there is an increased risk of heart disease, but also of a stroke. A low value can indicate anemia.
Important NOTE: The information in no way replaces professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.
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