What are some interesting facts about Rembrandt
6 things you should know about Rembrandt
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669) is one of the most famous artists of all time. The ingenious painter of the "Night Watch" gave the golden age, the heyday of his homeland, a special shine. He died 350 years ago, on October 4, 1669. 2019 is therefore a Rembrandt year in the Netherlands. Cities and museums unpack really big. From teenage years to a mega show. Six pages of the painter:
Rembrandt-The Young Savage: The miller's son Rembrandt was born in Leiden in 1606 - and from there, like the tulip, another symbol of the Golden Age, started a rapid triumph. In the city of fine cloth merchants, Rembrandt attended Latin school, right next to Galgenplatz. Then he went to the apprenticeship with "hell painter" Jacob van Swanenburg. He later continued his training with the Amsterdam-based Pieter Lastman. At the beginning of the heyday of the Netherlands, painting was a respectable profession. The young apprentice showed talent and obstinacy. An amazingly quick ascent followed. Barely 18 years old, he already moved into his own studio. And in 1631 he dared to jump to Amsterdam.
Rembrandt and great love. He is said to have been rude and outrageous. But Rembrandt was also a romantic. He found his great love high up in the north, in Leeuwarden in Frisia. The beautiful and rich mayor's daughter Saskia van Uylenburgh must have been carried away by him too. Otherwise she would hardly have married the relatively poor painter in 1633 under her class. Saskia became Rembrandt's muse. Again and again he painted and drew them. But luck only lasted a short time. Only one in four children survived: son Titus. Only a few months after his birth, Saskia probably died of tuberculosis at the age of 29. Rembrandt immortalized his beloved wife in a beautiful portrait that has now returned to Friesland for the first time in 250 years.
Rembrandt and the Happy Few: Saskia and Rembrandt were the society couple from Amsterdam - beautiful and rich. The rich and powerful went in and out of the villa on Breestraat. Merchants, regents and clergymen gave the young painter numerous commissions. Production ran at full speed, thanks in part to the many students. One of the last big orders came from the Amsterdam vigilante group. The group portrait of the "Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq", better known as "The Night Watch", he painted while his wife was dying.
Rembrandt and the love of money: Painter stick to your brushes and keep your hands off the money. If he would have taken that advice once. Because Rembrandt had no idea about finances. For the eight years of their marriage, Saskia was his manager. Once he even painted her with a cash book in hand. She had wisely secured her own fortune in the will to her son Titus. After her death, Rembrandt quickly went downhill. He mourned and got into a creative crisis. The customers stayed away. In 1656 the bankruptcy came and everything went under the hammer. Titus was able to save a golden mirror. But it broke during transport over the canals. After the bankruptcy, Titus and Rembrandt's wife Hendrickje, the former housekeeper, took over the business. Officially, the painter was only employed with them, the creditors were tricked.
Rembrandt XXL: After the deaths of Hendrickje and Titus, the once great master died completely penniless in 1669. He had created over 300 works. Around 200 years later, Amsterdam built a cathedral for him: the Reichsmuseum. Not exactly for him personally, but for his paintings and those of his famous contemporaries in the Golden Age. The showpiece in the "gallery of honor" and at the same time the high altar is "The Night Watch". The "Rijks", as it is known for short, has the largest Rembrandt collection in the world and this year it is big: everything is on display. That’s never happened before.
Rembrandt under the microscope: Rembrandt was considered contentious. He is said to have led 25 lawsuits. And as an artist, he couldn't be told anything. Luckily. Because the rebellious made him the innovator of painting, the master of light and shadow. Back then, no one else would have painted a vigilante group like Rembrandt. Namely not as a good group portrait, but as a dramatic scene: the dog is yapping. The men draw their weapons. They are about to move out. Speaking of the pooch: it's covered in a white, greasy goo. An alarm signal. "The Night Watch" is ripe for a general overhaul - very carefully, of course, and in front of the world. It starts in July. Then the computer and scanner search for the hidden secrets of the masterpiece.
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