Are Mongols originally Turks or Koreans
The Turkish language
The Turks became from the Chinese Tu-küe or Door-küt called, which means something like "the mighty". According to Chinese historical sources, the history of the Turks can be traced back to 1800 BC. Originally the Turks lived north and west of China and later settled the steppes up to the Caspian Sea and the Urals .
After the fall of the Gök-Turk empire (552 to 745) the Turkic empire of the Uighursthat stretched from Lake Baikal to the Yellow River. The history of the Gök-Turk empire was in the Orkhon inscriptions that were found in the Orkhon Valley in what is now Mongolia.
According to tradition, the Turks had to leave their original land in Central Asia due to the long-lasting drought. They moved via northern Persia to Asia Minor and the Balkan Peninsula. Another tribe (the ancient Turks) spread over southern Russia and the northern Caucasus.
Typologically speaking, Turkish is one of the Turkic languageswho, along with Mongolian, Korean, Tungus-Manchurian and (with reservations) Japanese to the family of Ural-Altaic languages counting. Due to their agglutinating language structure, vowel harmony and grammar (see below), Finnish and Hungarian are assigned to the Urals branch of this language family.
From a grammatical point of view, the Turkish language has a continuous agglutinating word formation and inflection on. The Latin term "agglutination" literally means "gluing together". Accordingly, syntactic relationships in the Turkish sentence are expressed by "gluing together" the suffixes, i.e. the grammatical endings. The formation of the words also happens according to the principle of agglutination. The endings usually only signal a certain inflection category, i.e. H. with nouns number, case and with verbs person, time, etc.
The decisive feature of the suffixes is that every grammatical meaning is always expressed by the same suffix (morpheme). Apart from the requirements of vowel harmony (see below), the morphemes are immutable. Each morpheme has only one specific meaning or grammatical function in the sentence. The suffixes are appended in a certain order; H. agglutinated, e.g. B:
Çocuk-lar-ınız-la (Child + PL + your + with) (with your children)
The suffixes play an extremely important role in Turkish. In Turkish, up to eleven, in rare cases even up to seventeen suffixes can appear on tribes, e.g. Bulaşamadıklarımızdan mısınız?
(Are you one of those we couldn't have met?)
Typically, words with more than three to four suffixes are rarely used in spoken language.
There are no articles and no grammatical gender in Turkish. Relative clauses are replaced by participle and gerundive constructions. In general, nominalized complex verbal forms are used instead of subordinate clauses. The verb is at the end of the sentence in Turkish. The normal sentence sequence is S-O-V (subject-object-verb).
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