How did Tokyo Japan get its name

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

Capital:
Tokyo (Tokyo)
Residents:
126.5 million
National holiday:
23rd of December; Birthday of the emperor

The island nation of Japan is located in the east of Asia and is surrounded by the Sea of ​​Japan and the Pacific Ocean. Although separated by the sea, North and South Korea are Japan's western neighbors. The four main islands and the roughly four thousand smaller islands extend over 3,000 kilometers.

Democracy with an emperor

The capital Tokyo is the largest city in the country. This is where the government is based. Japan has been a parliamentary democracy since 1947. Japan's constitution sets out three principles: people's sovereignty, respect for human rights, and opposition to war. The head of state of Japan is the emperor, whom the Japanese call Tennō. Although it has no political power, for many Japanese it is an important symbol of the unity of their state.

Robot and rice

Japan is one of the most important economic powers in the world today. Japan's strength is to manufacture high-quality end products from purchased raw materials. Japanese high-tech products such as televisions, cars and robots are in demand all over the world. In agriculture, rice is the most important crop. But the country's sophisticated technology also brings many problems. The high consumption of energy is mainly made possible by nuclear power. How dangerous this can be was shown by the earthquake in spring 2011, when a very serious reactor accident occurred in Fukushima.

Warm and cold

The climate in Japan is very different: while people in the south are sunbathing, they may be skiing in the north. Extreme weather phenomena and natural disasters such as tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tidal waves or volcanic eruptions can cause serious damage. The cherry blossom in spring is famous in Japan.

Between tradition and modernity

Many people in Japan are Buddhists. An old Buddhism temple, the Horyu-Ji Temple from 607, is now the oldest wooden building in the world. The Japanese sport "sumo wrestling" is famous. Martial arts such as judo, kendo and jiu-jitsu also come from the island nation. The Japanese love fish and eat with chopsticks. The well-known Japanese fish dish "sushi" is also becoming increasingly popular with us. When eating, traditional Japanese keep their bowl at chest height. Bending down to the table is considered gross. Many young Japanese have run out of time for long food ceremonies and prefer fast food.

Hardworking children

Japanese parents attach great importance to a good education for their children. In return, they expect good grades, which means for the children: learning, learning, learning. At school, the children not only learn subjects such as Japanese, mathematics or natural history, but also housekeeping and Japanese arts such as Shodo, writing characters with brush and ink. School uniforms are compulsory in most schools. After school, many pupils participate in sports teams, music or art groups or in a research club.