What is the basis of science

3. The epistemological basis: Scientific realism

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Summary

Assessments of research methods and recommendations for scientific work are of course crucially dependent on assumptions about the possibilities and limits of scientific knowledge as well as on the goals and conditions of scientific research. In the course of the history of science and the development of business administration, there have been and still are a wide variety of epistemological positions, which of course not all should and can not be presented and discussed here. The authors have based the considerations in this book on the perspective of scientific realism. In this position, essential experiences from the history of science are taken into account, it corresponds well to today's research practice and is probably the dominant position today. Some references are made to approaches that were previously more recognized in business administration (critical rationalism, relativism), also in order to clarify the specific characteristics of scientific realism. Of course, this also includes the critical reflection of some aspects (underdetermination of theories, pessimistic induction, context and knowledge) in the second part (Section 3.2) of this chapter.

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About this chapter
title
The epistemological basis: Scientific realism
book
Basics of empirical research

Print ISBN: 978-3-658-09704-2

Electronic ISBN: 978-3-658-09705-9

Copyright Year: 2017

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-09705-9

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-09705-9_3
Authors:
Martin Eisend
Alfred kiss