Is school really important for JEE preparation?
Playing is learning. That is why children's games in day-care centers prepare the way for a successful education
Gambling is not just a pastime. In play situations, children build up all of the basic skills that they later need for an active and self-determined life.
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What do the children learn here if they just play all day? Concerned parents ask that. The day care center is confronted with growing pressure for educational offers and support programs. The height independent value of the game is getting more and more into the background.
Parents and educators are busy preparing for school. Science is also researching it - with astonishing results: The optimal educational support for five to seven year olds is NOT working at school, but rather playful activity. In the following you can read what play has to do with learning and how you can support children with it right from the start.
What does play mean for the development of children?
Children play - always and everywhere in the world. The game is a basic human need, it is enjoyable and fun. Or in other words: Playing is vital. Because the game is Basic condition for all learning processes and the active appropriation of the world. What exactly happens here has been scientifically proven today.
It is vital for man to understand the worldin order to be able to exist in it. Children want to understand things. They go to everything new completely impartial approach and learn through trial and error. In this way they expand their experience and acquire practical knowledge.
The motor is curiosity
Learning researchers state: The Self-activity of man is the most important form of learning. It exists from the beginning as an inner urge, the curiosity to explore the world and to experience oneself as self-effective. In play, the child conquers his environment and constructs the reality of his life.
Extensive play enables the child to meaningful personal experiences to create and save in inner images, thoughts and actions. These in turn form the basis for cognitive development and motivation to learn.
Learning through play makes you happy
Early childhood play has the greatest impact on them Brain development. Curiosity, the joy of discovery and the associated happiness in the game lead to the activation of the dopamine system. This area of the brain gives things and events around us one sustainable importance.
If playing is of great importance, become certain skills neural enabledsuch as concentration, perseverance, motivation and solution orientation. These circuits in the brain decide in later life about whether the child likes to dedicate himself to new taskswhether it can learn in a concentrated manner and actively seeks solutions.
Why is play so important for children?
Most daycare education plans focus more on learning and performance. The game is more of a shadowy existence there. And when school entry approaches, the parents also have their primary focus on learning at school. Childish play is all too often viewed as a mere pastime.
Playing is not a minor matter
Playing is a serious activity for children. They act as if the game were real. This is precisely where the educational potential of the game lies. Children always associate a meaning with the game and its content. They are open to new ideas and use their imagination to shape the world according to their own ideas.
In the first years of life, children spend about a third of the day playing. You are building in the process all basic skills that they will need later for an active lifestyle. Numerous studies prove the great importance of play for the entire personality development of the child.
In exciting game situations, children can:
- their environment experience and explore, test yourself and experience self-efficacy, confidence in your own abilities and Self-confidence win.
- your Develop imagination and act independently, try out new ways of acting, construct social relationships and create the right conditions for yourself.
- social Take on rolesto put yourself in the shoes of others, Develop social behavior and grow playfully into the adult world.
- your Process experiences, Cope with frightening events better, at the same time develop an interest in new things and thus penetrate deeper into areas of life that are important to them.
- you Need to have a say as satisfying as that tosocial contacts, entertainment and humor as well as perceiving their own wishes and communicating.
- learn with all your senses, with emotional involvement, with the use of mental and physical strength.
Playing is holistic learning, it challenges and encourages the whole person.
Learning through play promotes the entire development of the child. Shown based on the social pedagogue Armin Krenz.
Playing has to be learned
Since children first have to learn to orient themselves in the world, that is one of them natural attitude of curiosity innate. Everyday sensory stimuli activate your interest in all things that sound, move, touch, smell and taste. In doing so, children notice that they are familiar with these things do something can. This creates game actions that are made up of many individual actions.
Your Playability build children up in social relationships. Whether and how intensively gaming can develop depends largely on the networking of the following experiences:
- the accompanying language of adults
- one's own movement
- the space
- personally experienced feelings and the own world of thoughts
- haptic experiences and the uniqueness of the toy
- a pleasant atmosphere of relationships
But the ability to play can also wither away. It can currently be observed that more and more children have only learned to play to a very limited extent or that the ability to play has hardly been able to develop at all. The reason for the Reluctance to play many children see experts in the lack of a communication framework.
The prerequisite for the ability to play is a socio-emotional well-being.
Adults should play a lot with children right from the start. If Adult active play partner are, they arouse the interest of even the youngest ones Play in everyday life. In a playful, strong bond atmosphere, the spark then jumps over by itself.
Important: Play is always voluntary and self-determined. Fixed educational purposes are alien to the game, they would destroy the game, so they must never be in the foreground.
When children play, they don't do it because they want to learn something. In the game, they acquire knowledge by the way at. You acquire spatial, physical and mathematical knowledge as well as language skills. Playing and learning are inextricably linked.
Children learn in play voluntarily and with fun, about trial and error, however without fear of failure. The child asks the questions themselves and invents the answers. The game gives the impetus to acquire new knowledge and skills, so playing becomes a self-motivated source of knowledge. At the same time, the game promotes important key skills for every form of learning.
The child challenges himself to do all of this in the game:
- physical and mental exertion
- Concentration and perseverance
- Creativity and flexibility
- Care and speed
- Coping with Difficulties
- Compliance with rules
How do I support educational processes in the game?
Children learn in the most varied of ways, by imitating, trying out, comparing, repeating, asking, listening, telling, and practicing. The important thing is not so much the individual trade, but rather an active activity that results from different learning opportunities composed.
Any of these game forms has its special value for the development of children:
All forms of play have in common that they promote skills that the child needs for life in a community. The individual forms of play start in different age groups, but retain theirs Meaning in whole life, even in adulthood.
Observe & accompany
To the essentials Playing conditions the characteristics count: time, space, materials, teammates, freedom of choice, calm. When you play with your children, you are completely play partners, but you also always have an eye on all children and their needs.
In the observation find out what the children need, what interests they have, how and with whom they prefer to play. Then you can decide where individual children or groups need support. Based on the observation, you can now tell the children accompany the game. This game accompaniment should seem random to children, so that they do not even notice how they are involved in the game or how they are encouraged to play.
By playing along, educators can:
- If questions arise, give the children tips on how to proceed.
- take an active role in the game as instructed by the children.
- try to involve outside children if they want to play along.
- complement the existing game material.
- Provide suggestions for expanding the game.
- Bringing in game design ideas to prevent arguments.
- enable children to redesign spaces.
Children enjoy being allowed to play unattended for once. In the free play time Special rules apply - for adults. Give the children enough time. And don't push yourself into the game. The Children determine the course of the game themselves and have the right to exclude you from playing. However, you must always be present for the children.
The room design in the day care center plays an important role in supporting children's games. Above all else, children need to play freely Space and challengesto test their skills. For example, in the open workshop concept, in which the children have free access to various daycare rooms.
But also in the group room diverse, different areas of action shape. The individual action areas should be equipped with different furniture and play materials. Play platforms are ideal for shared rooms to separate areas from each other and to create your own play area.
7 questions that educators should ask themselves:
- What active or passive role do I have during children's play activities?
- Are there any forms of play that I prefer, that I neglect or ignore completely?
- Do the children have enough play material available? Is there perhaps too much of that?
- Do the children have the opportunity to play outside in all weathers?
- Can the children finish their games or are they frequently interrupted?
- Am I aware of the developmental psychological importance of play in everyday life?
- Which spaces do we need in order to be able to support educational processes in a meaningful way?
Tip: The implementation is easy if the whole team is behind it. Also convince the parents of the educational value of play. And when it comes to buying new toys, let the children decide. Children are often the best experts in their living space.
For further reading:
Margarete Blank-Mathieu: Children's play forms and their significance for educational processes. https://kindergartenpaedagogik.de/fachartikel/frepiel-spiele/1610
Elke Heller: Understanding the world through play. Series: What makes daycare children strong. Berlin: Cornelsen 2013.
Birgit Jackel: Learning how the brain likes it. Practical suggestions for learning and playing for kindergarten, elementary school and family. Kirchzarten: VAK 2008.
Armin Krenz: Playing is every child's job! Children's play as a field of self-awareness and a focus of education for children.
Christine Weber (Ed.): Playing and learning with 0 to 3 year olds. The development-centered approach in the nursery. Berlin: Cornelsen 2009.
Is there also a face behind the BACKWINKEL blog? Yes. Four ?. Three of them even with a photo.
We - Lukas, Tatjana, Stefan and Christine - play on our blog under the motto LEARN TO READ TO LAUGH.
Lukas knows his way around online as well as he does in the back of his hand and always finds exciting topics, while Stefan gives our articles the appropriate design framework and Tatjana checks everything with the green correction pen that our author Christine (and also guest authors) thinks about the BACKWINKEL Blog writes after thorough research.
Together we are constantly looking for new, exciting topics related to education in the Kiga, at school and at home. And because you are at the source, we look forward to your constructive feedback and suggestions to [email protected]
Have fun LEARNING TO LAUGH!
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