Why don't you put asphalt on bridges
GSB 7.0 standard solution
Road surfaces on bridges have to do a lot. They have to absorb the stresses of traffic, pass them on to the structure and remain resistant to deformation, flat and with good grip. At the same time, they have to seal the bridge structure against surface water, which in winter contains de-icing salt that promotes carbonation or corrosion. The BASt plays a key role in the development and quality assurance of the coverings with investigations and the creation of regulations.
The eight to nine centimeters thick bridge pavement consists of a top layer, a protective layer and a sealing layer. The protective and surface layers are made of asphalt. Only tested building materials may be used for the sealing layer made of different materials.
Flooding with epoxy resin
Three types of waterproofing layer are permitted on concrete bridges. All three types are glued flat and without a separating layer to the concrete of the bridge superstructure. First, cement slurry and loose parts on the concrete surface are removed by blasting. The concrete is then primed with epoxy resin. If the roughness of the concrete surface is too great, a scratch coat can be applied with an epoxy resin mortar.
The most common type of construction is a sealing layer, which consists of a single-layer bitumen welding membrane. It can be flamed with a special gas burner. In the second type, the bitumen sheeting has two layers. The sealing layer of the third type consists of a liquid two-component reaction resin, usually polyurethane.
Three different types of sealing layer are currently permitted on steel bridges:
- Type 1 is a reaction resin sealing layer
- Type 2 is a bitumen sealing layer
- Type 3 is a reaction resin / bitumen sealing layer
Coverings on steel bridges with different sealing layers
In contrast to the road surfaces on concrete bridges, surfaces on steel bridges are exposed to large deformations due to the elastic behavior of the steel road plates. For this reason, a dynamic load test was developed: the fatigue limit bending test. In this test, the dynamic loads on a bridge covering are simulated over its service life.
The pore-free mastic asphalt is mainly used for the protective layer of the bridge pavement. In the case of steel bridges in particular, polymers are added to the mastic asphalt - because of the higher dynamic loads. Rolled asphalt is used for the protective layer of the two-layer waterproofing layer on concrete.
A special feature of steel bridges are the movable bridges, such as lifting and bascule bridges, as well as the temporary bridges. With these bridges, asphalt pavements can normally no longer be used, as weight reduction is of decisive importance for them. The reactive resin-bonded thin coverings were developed for this application. They consist of a reaction resin primer layer and a six to ten millimeter thick reaction resin coating.
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